Pressemeldungen zu Äthiopien

Unser regelmäßiger Nachrichtenüberblick ist eine Zusammenstellung von Nachrichten und Berichten aus unterschiedlichen Quellen, deren Wahrheitsgehalt wir im Einzelnen nicht garantieren können. Die Entscheidung, einen bestimmten Beitrag aufzunehmen oder nicht, fällt oft nicht leicht. Zahlreiche Medien und Presseorgane verbreiten nicht ausschließlich neutrale, objektiv recherchierte Nachrichten sondern auch Meinungsartikel. Wir halten uns so weit wie möglich an die faktenorientierte Berichterstattung. Gelegentlich berücksichtigen wir aber auch ausführlichere Reportagen und analytische Beiträge, die wichtige Entwicklungen zusammenfassen und/oder aktuelle Trends reflektieren. Die Quellen finden sich bei den jeweiligen Beiträgen.

Wir gliedern unseren Nachrichtenüberblick seit November 2016 nach folgenden Themengruppen:

- Development and Humanitarian situation
- Politics, Human Rights, Justice
- Economic and Social Issues
- Agriculture and Natural Ressources
- Culture and Education
- Sport
- Horn of Africa and Foreign Affairs
- Miscellaneous (if necessary)

Sie finden hier die letzten vier Nachrichtensammlungen; diese und alle älteren Meldungen zeigt das Archiv (rechts im Menü) an. Von Mai 2015 bis Mai 2016 haben wir keine Nachrichten eingestellt. Unter Agenturen finden Sie Nachrichtenportale, die auch Beiträge über Äthiopien liefern. Dort kann man häufig auch über Suchbegriffe gezielt nach Ländermeldungen suchen.

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MELDUNGEN VON FEBRUAR 2017

- Development and Humanitarian Issues -

 

12.2.2017   Famine looms in four countries as aid system struggles to cope, experts warn. The Guardian

(…) “Right now, in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, there are 12 million people affected [by food insecurity]. These three countries together look as bad as Somalia in 2011. If you add South Sudan on top of that, with that conflict, and Nigeria, you have millions more. And Yemen has 18 million people. That’s creating this real concern that we are facing a major crisis that we have not seen before.” (Gareth Owen, humanitarian director of Save the Children)

(…) “We can’t carry on relying on individual appeal after appeal, because they are time-bound and partial – they play to what’s in the news.” (Mark Goldring, the CEO of Oxfam). The complexity of the current humanitarian crises also play a part, Goldring said. The potential famine areas flagged up in January by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network, a US-based agency, are conflict-related. According to Goldring, aid workers are struggling to reach people due to security constraints in these countries. He contrasted the situation last year in Ethiopia with the potential famines in conflict zones like Yemen.

“Last year I went to Ethiopia at the height of the food shortage. I was told in terms of food and crops that it was worse than the famine of 1985. But in terms of supplies it was much, much [better]. That’s because the government and the international system was working better. (…)

Sara Pantuliano, managing director at the Overseas Development Institute, said the aid system needs a complete overhaul to respond to the needs of a changing world. (…) A joint Unicef-World Food Programme study in 2014 concluded that increased investment in risk-prone areas could reduce humanitarian response costs by more than 50%. “We are definitely seeing an increase in the level and magnitude of need,” said Pantuliano. “But it’s also because the system is ineffective and doesn’t use resources in a timely way. Very often the response is too late. (…)

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2017/feb/12/famine-looms-four-countries-aid-system-struggles-yemen-south-sudan-nigeria-somalia

 

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Meldungen von Januar 2017

- Development and Humanitarian Issues -

 

29.1.2017   UN Humanitarian Chief calls for urgent funding for Ethiopia’s drought to avert loss of lives and livelihood. reliefweb

United Nations Under-Secretary- General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (USG/ERC), Mr. Stephen O’Brien has just concluded a three-day visit to Ethiopia to see first-hand the impact of failed rains in the southern parts of the county.

“I have just returned from Warder zone in Ethiopia’s Somali Region, where I saw the immense impact this drought is having on people’s lives and livelihoods. I also witnessed the hard work of the Ethiopian Government and its UN and NGO partners to ensure that water-trucking, animal health and emergency nutrition support are provided to all those in need,” said USG O’Brien.

Below average rains in south and southeastern parts of the country caused by the negative Indian Ocean Dipole have led to a new “lowland” drought. Among the most affected areas are parts of Somali and Afar regions and a number of lowland areas of Oromia and SNNP regions. The new drought has led to severe shortages of water and pasture in the pastoral and agro-pastoral communities. Deteriorating livestock body condition and loss of livestock are also being reported as well as high levels of acute and moderate malnutrition.

“We need to act now before it is too late. This is why I am calling on international partners to join the Ethiopian Government in funding the 2017 Humanitarian Requirements Document, which seeks US$948 million to assist 5.6 million people, whose lives, livelihoods and well-being depend on our support,” said the USG.

Speaking at a High-Level event on the Humanitarian Situation in Ethiopia on Sunday 29 January the Humanitarian Chief commended the Government and Humanitarian partners on the 2016 response to the El Nino drought that left 10.2 million people in need of food assistance.

“On recently reviewing lessons from the drought response the humanitarian community has concluded that the Government and partners helped save countless people’s lives and averted a major humanitarian catastrophe in Ethiopia, all while also supporting one of the largest refugee populations in the world,” said O’Brien. “As effective as the humanitarian response to the El Niño drought has been, Ethiopian farmers and herders in affected areas are still living on the brink, unable to build back their livestock herds, or reinvigorate their small farms, and struggling to sustain themselves and their families.”

“We have no time to lose. Livestock are already dying; pastoralists and farmers are already fleeing their homes in search of water and pasture; children – more often girls – are dropping out of school to support with household chores, and hunger and malnutrition levels will rise soon if assistance does not arrive on time, particularly among women who are more likely to suffer from health problems and malnutrition during droughts,”’ said O’Brien.

http://reliefweb.int/report/ethiopia/un-humanitarian-chief-calls-urgent-funding-ethiopia-s-drought-avert-loss-lives-and

 

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Meldungen von Dezember 2016

 

- Development and Humanitarian Issues -

21.12.2016  Horn of Africa braces for another hunger season. FAO

Rome. Countries in the Horn of Africa are likely to see a rise in hunger and further decline of local livelihoods in the coming months, as farming families struggle with the knock-on effects of multiple droughts that hit the region this year, FAO warned. Growing numbers of refugees in East Africa, meanwhile, are expected to place even more burden on already strained food and nutrition security. Currently, close to 12 million people across Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia are in need of food assistance, as families in the region face limited access to food and income, together with rising debt, low cereal and seed stocks, and low milk and meat production. Terms of trade are particularly bad for livestock farmers, as food prices are increasing at the same time that market prices for livestock are low. (…) In the affected counties, the terms of trade have become increasingly unfavourable for livestock keepers, as prices of staple foods are rising, while a flood of weakened sheep, goats and cows onto local markets has brought down livestock prices.

Farming families in Ethiopia, meanwhile, are extremely vulnerable as they have not been able to recover from the 2015 El Nino-induced drought. Some 5.6 million people remain food insecure, while millions more depend on livestock herds that need to be protected and treated to improve milk and meat production. Here, too, better access to feed and water is critical. The crop situation is relatively stable after the country completed the most widespread emergency seed distribution in Ethiopia's history. FAO and more than 25 NGOs and agencies reached 1.5 million households with drought-resistant seeds. As a result of enabling farming families to grow their own food, the government and humanitarian community saved close to $1 billion in emergency aid, underlining that investing in farmers is not only the right thing to do but also the most cost-efficient. (…)

http://www.epo.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13359:continued-drought-horn-of-africa-braces-for-another-hunger-season&catid=13&Itemid=55

 

16.12.2016    Reality of resilience: perspectives of the 2015–16 drought in Ethiopia. PreventionWeb
This report highlights lessons from the 2015–16 drought in Ethiopia, including how and why different communities were impacted, effective approaches to resilience building and challenges faced. The timing and spatial distribution of rainfall, beyond total deficits, impacted 9.7 million Ethiopians and particularly affected livelihood activities such as agriculture and pastoralism.
Recommendations from the report include the following:
- Mechanisms that trigger early funding based on pre-agreed indicators are critical to overcoming some of the political, institutional and media effects that have kept the humanitarian system in a state of crisis response.
- Flexible funding and adaptive programming are needed for humanitarian and development organisations implementing projects. This will pivot funds, depending on need, and help stimulate more timely action.
- There is increasing evidence that financial services such as index-based insurance are an important part of building resilience. These services need to be accessible to the most vulnerable.
http://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/51332 Download full report: http://www.preventionweb.net/files/51332_resilienceintelethiopiapaperweb.pdf
 

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Meldungen von November 2016

 

- Development and Humanitarian Issues -

22.11.2016    GIEWS Country Brief, FAO
Food Security Snapshot
•    Favourable prospects for 2016 main “meher” season crops.
•    Below average pasture conditions in southern and southeastern pastoral areas.
•    Given the starting of the main harvest, cereal prices stabilized or declined though at high levels.
•    General food security conditions improving with newly harvested “meher” crops available for consumption.
•    High levels of food insecurity persist in pastoral areas affected by 2015 El Niño induced drought as pastoral recovery takes much longer time than a couple of good seasons.
http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/ETH22-November-2016.pdf

 

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