Pressemeldungen zu Äthiopien

Unser regelmäßiger Nachrichtenüberblick ist eine Zusammenstellung von Nachrichten und Berichten aus unterschiedlichen Quellen, deren Wahrheitsgehalt wir im Einzelnen nicht garantieren können. Die Entscheidung, einen bestimmten Beitrag aufzunehmen oder nicht, fällt oft nicht leicht. Zahlreiche Medien und Presseorgane verbreiten nicht ausschließlich neutrale, objektiv recherchierte Nachrichten sondern auch Meinungsartikel. Wir halten uns so weit wie möglich an die faktenorientierte Berichterstattung. Gelegentlich berücksichtigen wir aber auch ausführlichere Reportagen und analytische Beiträge, die wichtige Entwicklungen zusammenfassen und/oder aktuelle Trends reflektieren. Die Quellen finden sich bei den jeweiligen Beiträgen.

Wir gliedern unseren Nachrichtenüberblick seit November 2016 nach folgenden Themengruppen:

- Development and Humanitarian situation
- Politics, Human Rights, Justice
- Economic and Social Issues
- Agriculture and Natural Ressources
- Culture and Education
- Sport
- Horn of Africa and Foreign Affairs
- Miscellaneous (if necessary)

Sie finden hier die letzten vier Nachrichtensammlungen; diese und alle älteren Meldungen zeigt das Archiv (rechts im Menü) an. Von Mai 2015 bis Mai 2016 haben wir keine Nachrichten eingestellt. Unter Agenturen finden Sie Nachrichtenportale, die auch Beiträge über Äthiopien liefern. Dort kann man häufig auch über Suchbegriffe gezielt nach Ländermeldungen suchen.

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MELDUNGEN VON APRIL 2017

- Development and Humanitarian Issues -

25.4.2017   The number of drought affected people reaches 7.6 mln: Commission, Waltainfo

The National Disaster Risk Management Commission says the number of drought affected people has reached 7.6 million during this month of the budget year. Public relations director with the commission, Debebe Zewdu, told WMC that the number of drought affected people in the country  has increased by  2,068,319  during the current  month of April.

According to Debebe, the number  of drought victims is rising due to failure of rainfall  during the current “ belg ” season and crops are heated by  frost  incident  in the last  “meher ” season  in Oromiya , Amhara and SNNP regions, he underscored. The Commission  needs additional  432, 515  metrics tons of crops ,nutritional foods , pulses and edible oil for  2,068,315  extra  drought  victims  found  in different regions, he stated .  The food aid is ready for distribution from the contingency food reserve of the government,  he, indicated. Debebe noted that most of the drought hit areas are low lands inhabited by pastoralist communities. (…)

http://www.waltainfo.com/news/national/detail?cid=29248&category=1

 

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MELDUNGEN VON MÄRZ 2017

- Development and Humanitarian Issues -

 18.3.2017        Gov’t Prioritizes Resettling Landslide Victims: Minister, ENA

The government of Ethiopia is working to sustainably rehabilitate victims of rubbish dump landslide that costs the lives of 113 people. In a press briefing he gave here today to journalists, Minister of Government Communication Affairs Office, Dr Negeri Lencho said the government has given priority to resettling survivors of the incident and families residing in the vicinity. “The government has planned and set committee to resettle these people permanently, because they have lost their property, homes and the government is responsible for resettling these people and help them to live their own life in the future” he said. According to Dr Negeri, investigation to know the cause for the landslide will be conducted. “We don’t blame anyone for the causes, because we haven’t yet known the cause of this accident. But the government decided to investigate.” Two institutions, the Addis Ababa University and Texas University, have been selected to conduct the investigation, he added. Fifty-five million Birr has so far collected to rehabilitate the victims, Negeri said.

Regarding to the impact of drought in the country that affected 5.6 million people, the minister noted that the Ministers assured that there is no risk of famine in the country. “I can assure you that there is no risk of famine because Ethiopia has enough store to respond”. Even if the country has facing challenges including drought, the government has long and short term plans that will allow to overcome challenges and sustain the ongoing development, he added. So far, the efforts in minimizing the impact of drought are successful and it will continue strengthened, the Minister said. Saying that there are some health related problems in some parts drought affected areas, the Ministry of Health has sent a team to study the problems and handle the situation.

Responding to questions raised regarding the recent attack by the Murle Tribe that killed 18 peoples and kidnapped many, the Minister said the attackers don’t represent the position of the Sudanese government. "The two counties leaders identified the areas that they have to work on together.We share very vast area and we have to secure the border areas together", he said. He added that this problem cannot be continued in the future as the government has set plan to build infrastructures between the two countries to further enhance cooperation.

Negeri said “Such kinds of crisis including the drought or any such incident cannot stop the development programs that are already launched.”

http://www.ena.gov.et/en/index.php/politics/item/2916-gov-t-prioritizes-resettling-landslide-victims-minister

 

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MELDUNGEN VON FEBRUAR 2017

- Development and Humanitarian Issues -

 

27.2.2017   EU urged to end cooperation with Sudan after refugees whipped and deported. The Guardian

MEP calls for inquiry as Ethiopian and Eritrean asylum seekers receive 40 lashes and $800 fines, while activists warn EU migration aid is emboldening Sudan

The EU is facing calls to rethink its cooperation with Sudan on migration flows after scores of refugees were whipped, fined, jailed and deported from Khartoum last weekend following a peaceful protest over a huge rise in visa processing fees.

About 65 asylum seekers – the majority from Ethiopia and some from Eritrea – were lashed 40 times on their backs and the back of their legs with leather whips, lawyers told the Guardian.

The detainees were also handed fines of more than $800 (£645), and 40 were deported immediately, after being arrested in what witnesses say was a violent police attack on a peaceful protest.

The incident raises concerns about the strength of human rights conditions attached to more than $100m of migration-related aid earmarked for Sudan by the European commission.

The MEP Barbara Lochbihler, vice-chair of the European parliament’s sub-committee on human rights, said the EU should launch an inquiry. “The EU must voice clear criticism on the recent incidents, conduct a thorough investigation, try and help the people concerned, and draw the necessary conclusion: if projects such as Better Migration Management carry the risk for the EU to become complicit in human rights abuses, which I believe to be true, we should pull out immediately.”

Judith Sargentini, an MEP on the European parliament’s development committee, said she would be asking a question about the issue in parliament this week.

“Honestly, when we see Ethiopian refugees being harassed, lashed and thrown out of the country, we have to wonder whether we are not legitimising the Sudanese behaviour with our funding,” she said.

“The [EU] training for immigration and border management does not seem to be working very effectively yet,” she added. “I can imagine that [Sudan’s president Omar] al-Bashir thinks he has more manoeuvring space because the EU money is coming.”

A human rights worker in Sudan, who asked not to be identified for security reasons, said the regime’s brutality towards refugees had worsened in the last year as EU cooperation had increased.

“The crackdown on migrants and refugees has escalated,” the activist said. “The government feels empowered to do whatever they want. They think they can get away with human rights violations like this. They see them as goodwill gestures to the EU to show they are controlling the flow of migrants.”

The commission has pledged nearly €2bn to countries taking steps to curb migration to the EU in an emergency trust fund for Africa. Sudan separately received €100m of funds last year to improve border security and address causes of forced displacement.

Sudan is also benefiting from €40m (£34m) set aside under the Khartoum Process’s Better Migration Management scheme to help restrict refugee flows in central and east Africa.

These revenues could be used to pay for military and police border management posts, surveillance systems, transport vehicles, communications, protective police gear, IT systems, infrastructure and power supplies.

EU officials deny that any revenues will go to government forces such as the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), border guards on Sudan’s Libyan frontier linked to the notorious Janjaweed militia.

The RSF commander Mohamed Hamdan, known as Hemedity, last year demanded that the EU replace vehicles and weapons lost while his force rounded up 20,000 migrants.

“We are hard at work to aid Europe in containing the flow of migrants, and if our valuable efforts are not well appreciated, we will open the desert to migrants,” Hemedity said.

But it was a Khartoum court’s police that whipped and deported the asylum seekers, not the RSF. Most of those arrested were Oromo people fleeing ethnic and political repression. The court case that followed also fell short of international standards, according to local lawyers.

“It was not a fair trial,” claimed Montasir Mohammed, a lawyer for two of the arrestees. “No legal representatives were allowed to attend the court, and the men were not given a chance to appeal. The flogging was administered immediately after the court hearing. No doctors have been allowed to see them.”

The asylum seekers had been arrested last Friday when police dispersed a sit-down protest by 300-500 people outside the Ethiopian embassy in Khartoum. Eyewitnesses say officers attacked protesters with long wooden batons and tear gas canisters, provoking a dangerous stampede.

One witness, who asked to remain anonymous, said: “People were quietly sitting down on the pavement when suddenly the police came with big sticks and started to beat people. Then the military police arrived and fired teargas.

“People started to run but there was no way to escape except by jumping over a cemetery wall. Then it collapsed because so many people were jumping and pushing on it. All the people trying to escape were badly beaten as they ran, even me. It was painful.”

Use of overseas aid for this kind of political repression is “explicitly excluded” under criteria agreed by the OECD’s Development Assistant Committee last year.

The EU says it has not yet given any funds to the Sudanese government and that monies have been directed through international agencies.

However, a parliamentary delegation to Sudan in December said while EU stocks might not yet have arrived, it was clear that its funding projects “will be providing equipment to national police across the region for border control”.

Sudan is considered a key transit country for migrants to Europe. An estimated 30,000 people travelled through it on the way to Italy (pdf) in the first 11 months of 2016.

Around 500,000 refugees from Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia are currently thought to be in the country.

Last week, a British parliamentary inquiry warned that in Sudan, “the European Union’s long-held reputation as a human rights standard-bearer is in danger of being sacrificed at the altar of migration”.

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2017/feb/27/eu-urged-to-end-cooperation-with-sudan-after-refugees-whipped-and-deported

  

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Meldungen von Januar 2017

- Development and Humanitarian Issues -

 

29.1.2017   UN Humanitarian Chief calls for urgent funding for Ethiopia’s drought to avert loss of lives and livelihood. reliefweb

United Nations Under-Secretary- General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (USG/ERC), Mr. Stephen O’Brien has just concluded a three-day visit to Ethiopia to see first-hand the impact of failed rains in the southern parts of the county.

“I have just returned from Warder zone in Ethiopia’s Somali Region, where I saw the immense impact this drought is having on people’s lives and livelihoods. I also witnessed the hard work of the Ethiopian Government and its UN and NGO partners to ensure that water-trucking, animal health and emergency nutrition support are provided to all those in need,” said USG O’Brien.

Below average rains in south and southeastern parts of the country caused by the negative Indian Ocean Dipole have led to a new “lowland” drought. Among the most affected areas are parts of Somali and Afar regions and a number of lowland areas of Oromia and SNNP regions. The new drought has led to severe shortages of water and pasture in the pastoral and agro-pastoral communities. Deteriorating livestock body condition and loss of livestock are also being reported as well as high levels of acute and moderate malnutrition.

“We need to act now before it is too late. This is why I am calling on international partners to join the Ethiopian Government in funding the 2017 Humanitarian Requirements Document, which seeks US$948 million to assist 5.6 million people, whose lives, livelihoods and well-being depend on our support,” said the USG.

Speaking at a High-Level event on the Humanitarian Situation in Ethiopia on Sunday 29 January the Humanitarian Chief commended the Government and Humanitarian partners on the 2016 response to the El Nino drought that left 10.2 million people in need of food assistance.

“On recently reviewing lessons from the drought response the humanitarian community has concluded that the Government and partners helped save countless people’s lives and averted a major humanitarian catastrophe in Ethiopia, all while also supporting one of the largest refugee populations in the world,” said O’Brien. “As effective as the humanitarian response to the El Niño drought has been, Ethiopian farmers and herders in affected areas are still living on the brink, unable to build back their livestock herds, or reinvigorate their small farms, and struggling to sustain themselves and their families.”

“We have no time to lose. Livestock are already dying; pastoralists and farmers are already fleeing their homes in search of water and pasture; children – more often girls – are dropping out of school to support with household chores, and hunger and malnutrition levels will rise soon if assistance does not arrive on time, particularly among women who are more likely to suffer from health problems and malnutrition during droughts,”’ said O’Brien.

http://reliefweb.int/report/ethiopia/un-humanitarian-chief-calls-urgent-funding-ethiopia-s-drought-avert-loss-lives-and

 

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